Chapters and sections were borrowed and adapted from the following existing OER textbooks on Math and government bodies. Mahalo (thank you) to those who shared before us:

OpenStax Prealgebra // CC BY 4.0

  • Chapter 4 Fractions
  • Chapter 5 Decimals
  • Chapter 9 Math Models and Geometry
  • Chapter 10 Polynomials

OpenStax Elementary Algebra // CC BY 4.0

  • Chapter 1 Foundations
  • Chapter 9 Roots and Radicals

OpenStax College Algebra // CC BY 4.0

  • Chapter 1 Prerequisites

OpenStax College Physics for AP Courses // CC BY 4.0

  • Chapter 20 Electric Current, Resistance, and Ohm’s Law
  • Chapter 21 Circuits, Bioelectricity, and DC Instruments


United States Department of Labor – Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)


All other content should include the following attribution statement:

Except where otherwise noted materials in this Building Maintenance & Construction eBook are licensed Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 (CC BY) by the University of Hawaiʻi Maui College and the Construction Technology Program. Download this book for free at:

Edited and Reviewed By

Jonathan Kevan – University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Hong Ngo – University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Phil Johnson – Architectural Project Manager, Maui, Hawaiʻi

  • “The book is a wealth of information. It is very clearly and logically presented.”
  • “While basic knowledge level differs from trade to trade, I believe that if a student mastered information presented in this book, they would be several steps above “entry Level”.”
  • “Even beginning trade apprentices may find some of the areas challenging.”
  • “This Book would be a good resource and reference for teaching introductory trade course.”

Rick Rutiz – Executive Director, Ma Ka Hana Ka ‘Ike Building Program

“Cliff is a repository of building and construction techniques, skills, and information, all of which is found in this book. But the real strength of his teaching ability is the rapport he creates with his students. As the director of the vocational training program Ma Ka Hana Ka ‘Ike, I’ve had the privilege of watching Cliff bring construction theory to life — not just with great expertise, but with heart. Now he’s put this knowledge in book form to share with all of you.”

Front Cover Photo

University of Hawaiʻi Maui College – Construction Technology Program / CC BY 4.0

Special Thanks to

Funding provided by the United States Department of Labor Employment and Training Administration under the TAACCCT grant that supported the development of this OER eBook.

Open Educational Resources

This text is provided to you as an Open Educational Resource (OER) which you access online. It is designed to give you a comprehensive introduction to building maintenance and construction at no or very nominal cost. It contains both written and graphic text material, intra-text links to other internal material which may aid in understanding topics and concepts, tables and definitions of words, and extra-text links to videos and web material that clarifies and augments topics and concepts.


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Building Maintenance & Construction: Tools and Maintenance Tasks (Interactive) by University of Hawai’i Maui College and the Construction Technology Program is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.